Beethoven composed the Diabelli Variations in 1819, almost five years after his groundbreaking Hammerklavier Sonata. Beethoven originally intended to write a few smaller piano pieces for Anton Diabelli who requested Beethoven compose something new for a charity event. Beethoven was very upset with this request because he believed that the piece should be written for its own sake. Beethoven’s relationship with Diabelli soured after Beethoven composed the 33 variations and requested that his contribution to the charity project not be published. Beethoven eventually relented, but he never allowed the entire set of variations to be published together. Beethoven originally dedicated this work to Beethoven’s patron, Prince Lobkowitz. Beethoven’s relationship with Lobkowitz deteriorated in the end of 1823 when Beethoven asked for a release from his obligations to compose six string quartets for him. Beethoven broke completely with the prince, and sold all of his works that he had dedicated to him on the open market. Beethoven also broke his contract with Diabelli, and Beethoven’s 1826 letter to him famously said “Farewell! Keep your wife as a chaste treasure in your home.” Beethoven composed this work between October 1820 and August 1821, likely completing it in its entirety before the end of August. Beethoven’s deafness caused him to work very slowly, so Beethoven probably started the piece after 1820 as well. Beethoven was likely inspired by Clementi’s set of variations for piano, published in 1803.
Phil Collins is a singer, songwriter, and actor who was born in London, England, in 1951. He rose to fame as the lead singer of the rock band Genesis. Phil Collins has released 7 solo albums and won numerous awards, including 5 Grammy Awards. One of his most famous songs is “You’ll Be In My